what Islam is?

Brothers you all will, perhaps, be aware that Islam is not the name of a caste or community so that anyone who is born in it automatically becomes a Muslim without having to do anything, on his own part, about it just as a child born in a Sheikh or a Syed family becomes a Sheikh or a Syed, as a matter of course, and there is nothing it can do in this regard.

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The Holy Kalma
THERE IS NO GOD (NO ONE IS WORTHY OF WORSHIP AND OBEDIENCE) SAVE ONE GOD, AND MUHAMMAD IS HIS APOSTLE.

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Namaz
The first and most important duty in Islam after one has brought faith in God and in Prophet Mohammad and borne witness to Divine Oneness and the Apostleship of the holy Prophet is Namaz.

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Zakat
Among the fundamental tenets of Islam Zakat occupies a place next in the importance only to belief and Namaz. As one would say, it is the third pillar of Islam.  

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Roza
After belief, Namaz and Zakat, the most important duty in Islam is Roza (or fasting). The Quran says: Oh ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that ye may (learn) self-restraint. (II: 183)  

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Hajj
The last of the fundamental duties in Islam is the Hajj. Laying it down as an essential religious obligation of Muslims, the Quran says: Pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to God, those who can afford the journey, but if any deny faith God stands not in need of any of His creatures.  

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Piety
Piety forms part of the basic essentials of Islam. It means to observe the Divine Commandments conscientiously and scrupulously and to avoid all forbidden and wicked and shameful things.  

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Honesty in Monetary Dealings
Uprightness and honesty in monetary dealings forms a vital part of the fundamental teachings of Islam. The Quran as well as the Traditions of the Prophet are emphatic that a true Muslim is he who is honest and upright in his business and monetary transactions, keeps his word and fulfills his promise.

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Social Conduct and Mutual Relations
Social conduct, good manners and respect for the rights of each other, again, form an important part of Islamic teachings. One can become a good and true Muslim only when one also observes faithfully the social code of Islam.  

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Good Manners and Noble Qualities
Good manners and noble qualities of mind and character enjoy a place of crucial importance in the structure of Islamic teaching. Moral evolution and uplift was one of the main objects for which the sacred Prophet was raised up.

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Love of God, the Prophet and the Faith
Islam requires of us to believe in God and His Apostle and to observe Namaz, Roza, Zakat and Hajj, and to lead a life of piety and honest and goodness and gentility and moral and social rectitude.  

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Preaching and Propagation
Essential as it is for us to affirm faith in God and the Prophet and to follow with righteousness and sincerity the straight path of Islam, it is also of no mean importance that we strove earnestly to guide the others to the path of the faith .  

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Constancy
One of the special responsibilities a man owes to God once he has accepted the faith of Islam is that he remains firm and steadfast in his faith at all times and in all circumstances.  

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Jehad
The believers are required emphatically to do whatever they can towards popularizing, defending and keeping alive and flourishing, as the best and the truest way of life.  

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Martyrdom
In the special language of Islam a person who meets his death in the path of faith either as a result of obeying its injunctions and carrying out its commands as a staunch and devoted follower or in the course of struggle for its defence is called a martyr.  

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Life After Death
This much is known to everyone that whoever is born into the world has got to die one day or the other. But nobody knows on his own that happens or will happen after death. This is known only to God.  

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Heaven and Hell
In the preceding chapter it has been said that the Last Day will be the Day of Judgment. On that Day the believers who will also have done good deeds in the world and on whom there will be no punishment will rejoice.

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Zikr
Islam stands for self-surrender and submission to God. It calls on men to fashion their lives according to the Divine Will. It wants them to be loyal to Him in all circumstance and in every sphere of their conduct, personal as well as social.  

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Du?a
When it is definite and beyond dispute that whatever happens in the world happens by the Will of God and that every thing that exists lies absolutely in His power and control, it is manifestly natural for us to supplicate to Him in our needs, big as well as small.  

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Durood Sharif
Durood Sharif is an invocation we make to God to bestow His choicest favours and blessings on the Prophet. It is a kind of prayer. The truth is that, after God, the greatest obligation on us is that of the sacred Prophet (Peace and Blessings of God be upon whom).  

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Tauba
God sent down His Apostles into the world and revealed His Books through them so that men may learn to distinguish good from evil, virtue from vice, and earn for themselves Divine approbation and deliverance in the life to come by abstaining from the wicked and the unlawful and adopting what was good and virtuous.

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Epilogue
What has been stated in the twenty lessons of this small volume will, Insha Allah, suffice for anyone for the attainment of Divine pleasure and paradise. It seems appropriate here to give a brief resume of the whole discussion before bringing the book to a close.  

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